The WORCK Annotated Bibliographies are expert guides to various topics in the study of labour and coercion.

By Annika Bärwald
Notions of German exceptionalism long perpetuated the assumption that early modern Germany had no significant connection to Atlantic slavery.

By Hanne Østhus and Carolina Uppenberg
Early studies of Nordic servants written in the first half of the twentieth century focused on legal frameworks, Lutheran teachings regarding the position of the servant in the household, and the role of servants’ labour in agriculture.

By Dorjana Klosi
Under communism, the mobilisation of voluntary workers played an important role for the Albanian economy as well as the self-conception of socialist society. Since 1945, the Albanian Communist Party proclaimed voluntary work as being a pure act of individual voluntary action, based on the love for the homeland and the “Mother Party”.

By Viola Müller
Slavery in the United States was already the focus of academic discussions during its existence. After its abolition in 1865, the historical study of American slavery was dominated by “plantation nostalgia,” a school of thought portraying the Old South as a harmonious society of paternalistic slaveholders and grateful slaves. This overall perspective was dominant in the late-nineteenth and twentieth centuries.